Takeaways: CBN’s Circular on Forex Speculation Control


  1. Timely Intervention:The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has issued a crucial circular titled “Harmonisation of Reporting Requirements on Foreign Currency Exposures of Banks” to address concerns related to forex speculation, coinciding with the naira hitting an all-time low of ₦1,530 against the dollar.

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  2. General Discourse: While the circular is aimed at Deposit Money Banks nationwide, foreign exchange matters have become a significant topic of discussion among Nigerians at various levels, highlighting the broader impact of forex dynamics on the public.

  3. Forex Speculation Concerns: The CBN expresses concern about the growing foreign currency exposures of banks, particularly through their Net Open Position (NOP), fostering an environment where banks may hold excess long foreign currency positions for speculative gains, exposing them to risks.

  4. Speculative Practices Defined:The CBN identifies speculative practices wherein banks deliberately hoard foreign currency, anticipating profits from currency depreciation. This behavior contributes to dollar scarcity, further depreciating the naira.

  5. Prudential Requirements Imposed: To counter these issues, the CBN introduces prudential requirements centered around the Net Open Position (NOP), a financial metric assessing a bank’s overall risk exposure concerning foreign currency assets and liabilities.

  6. NOP Limits Set: The directive establishes NOP limits, with banks not allowed to exceed 20% short or 0% long in overall foreign currency assets and liabilities. This aims to ensure a balanced approach, discouraging excessive speculation.

  7. Strict Compliance Deadline: Banks exceeding the specified NOP limits are given until February 1, 2024, to rectify their positions. The CBN emphasizes the urgency of compliance through a strict deadline.

  8. Risk Mitigation Measures:The CBN introduces additional measures, including borrowing and lending in the same currency, aligning interest rates, and seeking CBN approval for Eurobond early redemption clauses. These measures aim to enhance risk management within the banking sector.

  9. Market Impact: Implementation of these measures is expected to have significant implications for the forex market, potentially stabilizing the naira and fostering a more balanced market environment.

  10. Consequences of Non-compliance:The CBN issues a stern warning, stating that failure to comply with NOP limits will result in immediate sanctions and potential suspension from participating in the foreign exchange market, underlining the regulatory commitment to enforcing compliance.

Editorial Staff
Editorial Staffhttps://www.naija247news.com/
Naija247news is an investigative news platform that tracks news on Nigerian Economy, Business, Politics, Financial and Africa and Global Economy.

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