Bridging the 13 Million Metric Ton Vegetable Deficit in Nigeria


Vegetables, such as tomatoes, onions, and cucumbers, form a fundamental part of human nutrition, contributing to a healthy and balanced diet. In 2022, the global fruit and vegetable processing market reached a valuation of approximately US$314 billion. Astonishingly, Asia emerged as the largest global vegetable producer in 2021, contributing around 80% of the world’s vegetable output, totaling a staggering 903 million tons.

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Nigeria’s Vegetable Challenge:
On the flip side of this global vegetable abundance, Nigeria faces a significant vegetable deficit. In a recent stakeholder discussion led by Mohammed Idris, the program director of Horti Nigeria, it was revealed that Africa’s largest economy requires an additional 13 million metric tons of vegetables to meet local demand. This pressing issue stems from Nigeria’s inability to scale up its vegetable production to satisfy its own population.

The Supply Gap:
This substantial supply deficit has placed immense pressure on vegetable importation, especially for crops like tomatoes. Nigeria finds itself importing millions of tonnes of vegetables to bridge the gap between demand and local production. The current scenario calls for urgent attention to bolster domestic vegetable cultivation.

Analyzing the Concerns:
One of the key concerns among analysts is the lack of accurate data on the country’s vegetable production levels. It is imperative to establish a robust monitoring and recording system for this sector to make informed decisions and improve productivity. Additionally, Nigeria’s ongoing foreign exchange scarcity poses a significant threat to meeting domestic vegetable demand.

Bridging the 13 million metric ton vegetable deficit in Nigeria is an essential task. As the country grapples with the challenges of insufficient production and foreign exchange constraints, a comprehensive strategy is required to enhance local vegetable cultivation. By addressing these issues, Nigeria can work towards self-sufficiency in vegetable production and reduce its reliance on imports to meet the nutritional needs of its population.

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