Let there be light, except in Nigeria


When God created the world, according to the Bible, it was dark. God said ‘Let there be light, and there was light’ The probable exception is Nigeria where for over fifty years, the people have been subjected to almost eternal darkness. The senior staff of the power sector complained in 1988 that the country was neither maintaining its power plants nor are there solid plans to expand. Over this, they went on strike. The Babangida regime saw this as an affront, rounded up eleven of the workers leaders and put them on trial for treason demanding the death penalty. They Eleven were sentenced to life imprisonment.

The Obasanjo administration spent $15 billion purchasing darkness for the country. The Jonathan administration  thought it had a brilliant idea; privatize the power sector thereby saving the country funds and simultaneously improving power generation and supply in the country.  In 2012, it carried out genetic engineering on  the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) It cloned from it, eleven Distribution Companies (DISCOS) six Generating Companies (GENCOS) and one Transition Company. With fanfare, it auctioned the DISCOS and GENCOS to private  companies while government retained the Transmission component to transmit power from the GENCOS to the DISCOS. So the single bureaucracy of the PHCN gave way to eighteen just to generate and distribute a meager 4,500MW of electricity to 183 million people!

The sale was controversial and some of the private companies like the one in Yola, did not pay up before the power sector was handed over to them.  The Foreign Direct Investment the country was told would flow in for the purchases, did not materialize; rather, the money was sourced locally.  With privatization, there is  no known value added; new transformers were not bought and  the pre-paid meters the new companies promised, have largely not materialized.  The DISCOS preferred to do estimated billing for consumers which means even where they supply darkness, consumers are forced to pay. There are also complaints that the DISCOS sometimes refuse to pick power from the GENCOS in order not to pay the latter. In fact, some of the companies were accused of asset-stripping. The 10 percent  shares in the privatized companies reserved for workers under the law were not given. Rather, the new employers turned permanent work into casual work and most denied the staff, the right to the constitutionally guaranteed right to unionize. Rather than the sector improving, it  became ever more unreliable. Some communities have protested not being supplied electricity for one to two years!

While it was thought that with privatization, public funds would no longer be expended on the sector, the Jonathan administration through the Central Bank coupled N213 billion  for the private companies in the name of an Electricity Market Stabilization Fund. If it is a loan, it is not known whether the companies are paying back or will ever pay back.

With the new administration, not a few of us called for the review of the sector’s privatization as we were convinced that the country was short-changed and that almost all the new owners were incompetent and incapable of running the industry. As if to prove our point, power generation which in the pre-privatization  sometimes hit 4,500 MW came to as low as 2,200MW before attaining its current average of 3,400MW. To worsen our plight as a people, all that the new owners sing is; increase the  tariff. In this they are backed by  the Nigeria Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) a ‘regulator’ which is actually the mouth piece  of those it was established to regulate. When Nigerians protested arbitrary tariff increases and won their case in court, the NERC vowed not to obey our courts.

Four years after privatization,  officials of the Ministry of Power paint a pitiful picture of the power sector describing it as a disaster. However, they do so, not in a critical manner but as a way of making excuses for the failure  of the GENCOS and DISCOS, and making a case for an amount as huge as N702 billion to be taken out of the country’s lean purse to shore up the failed or failing private companies. In addition, they made a case for an additional N495billion debt owed by the companies to be paid or written off by government.

As to how the country can raise such huge funds, they propose a $10.2 billion ‘facility’ from the World Bank. That means, they want to further bloat our foreign debts thereby  complicating  the country’s budget deficit. To push government to bailout the companies, the Ministry officials proclaimed that the debt of these  seventeen private companies could bring down the banking sector!

Our officials lament that while the DISCOS expected to collect an average N71 billion monthly, they collect only N33 billion and that as a result, they only pay one quarter of the cost owed  the GENCOS. They also campaign that the GENCOS  are having to pay high costs for gas and to use water and  dam facilities. I wonder whether these private companies that were touted as  high flying, did not make  market surveys or have  business plans before bidding.

THE DISCOS AND GENCOS  FROM ALL APPEARANCES, ARE BANKRUPT COMPANIES WHICH NEED TO BE TAKEN OVER; POURING  HUGE SUMS OF MONEY INTO THEM IS LIKE POURING WATER INTO A BASKET.  Since privatization has not resulted in improved power generation,  distribution or  better efficiency  in the sector. Given the marked incompetence and bankruptcy of the companies, it makes no sense for us to continue using scarce public funds to bottle feed them.  We need to cut our losses and build a power sector that can bring results. There is no alternative than for us to revert the power sector to public ownership; the overall interest of the country will be better served.

Written by Owei Lakemfa.

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Godwin Okafor is a Financial Journalist, Internet Social Entrepreneur and Founder of Naija247news Media Limited. He has over 16 years experience in financial journalism. His experience cuts across traditional and digital media. He started his journalism career at Business Day, Nigeria and founded Naija247news Media in 2010. Godwin holds a Bachelors degree in Industrial Relations and Personnel Management from the Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos. He is an alumni of Lagos Business School and a Fellow of the University of Pennsylvania (Wharton Seminar for Business Journalists). Over the years, he has won a number of journalism awards. Godwin is the chairman of Emmerich Resources Limited, the publisher of Naija247news.

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