The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in a report has revealed that farmers are at risk of climate Change and consequently pushing millions into hunger and poverty.
According to the report climate is expected to hit crop yields and livestock production and make the price of food more volatile, putting poor families at greater risk of hunger.
The Organisation thus estimated an additional 42 million people with to be susceptible to hunger in 2050, if climate change is not well managed.
“Small farmers who produce the bulk of food in developing countries are some of the most vulnerable to changes in climate and need help in order to adapt to the warming planet”, FAO said.
Similarly, the FAO director-general, Jose Graziano da Silv, assert that “unless action is taken now to make agriculture more sustainable, productive and resilient, climate change impacts will seriously compromise food production in countries and regions that are already highly food-insecure”.
“Hunger, poverty and climate change need to be tackled together. This is, not least, a moral imperative as those who are now suffering most have contributed least to the changing climate,” Graziano da Silva said.
More so, Kostas Stamoulis, head of FAO’s Social and Economic Development Department, added that climate change is already happening, there is an increasing frequency and severity of extreme weather events
“These climate shifts are reinforced by the recurring El Nino weather pattern, which happens when water in the Pacific Ocean becomes abnormally warm, altering global weather patterns.
“We all know that El Nino will happen, but the intensity by which it happens is really scary,” Stamoulis disclosed.
Climate change is also expectedl to affect the nutrient content of food. The higher the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, the lower the nutritional content of crops like wheat, he said.
“So not only people’s ability to acquire food will be reduced, but also the nutrient contents of whatever people will buy will be lower,” he added.