A Situation Report on maternal Health in Nigeria has revealed that an estimated 9.22 million pregnancies occur annually in the country, with about a quarter unplanned for and 56 per cent of the unintended pregnancies aborted.
The Minister of Health, Prof.Isaac Adewole who spoke Wednesday when the report was presented to him in Abuja by Chima O.Izugbara, Senior Research Scientist on Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health, African Population and Health Research Centre, said that the issue of maternal health could not be addressed without tackling the issue of family planning.
The report also stated that an estimated 600,000 abortions occurred in the country in 1996. The number of abortions rose to 760,000 in 2006, and to 1.25 million in 2012.
“About 53% of the population of Nigeria lives in rural settings are particularly at risk for poor maternal health outcomes, including maternal mortality and morbidity adding that maternal health challenges of rural women are heightened by the urban bias in the location of health facilities and the availability of skilled human resources for health,’’ the report stated.
The Minister said that the issue of maternal health could not be addressed without tackling the issue of family planning and that promotion of family planning and child spacing were key ingredients to reducing morbidity and maternal mortality in Nigeria.
He said: “We need to look at education, address poverty and increase access to healthcare’’.
Speaking earlier, Chima Izugbara stressed that the majority of the abortions performed in the country were clandestine and unsafe that is, terminated either by persons lacking the necessary skills or in an environment lacking the minimal medical standard or both. As a result, unsafe abortion is a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity in Nigeria.
Giving the background of the Report, Izugbara said that maternal health remains an area for urgent policy and programmatic attention in Nigeria adding that nearly one in every four women in Sub-Saharan Africa is a Nigerian.
He stressed that the plight of women in Nigeria would vastly impinge on the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the region adding that investing purposely in safeguarding maternal health in the country was a sure strategy for improving on the current levels of progress and guaranteeing the future potential for growth and advancement in Africa as a whole.
He attributed top medical causes of maternal mortality in Nigeria to obstetric haemorrhage, infection following childbirth, unsafe abortion, eclampsia and obstructed labour; the causes which experts agreed were largely treatable and preventable.
Izugbara stressed that the majority of the abortions performed “in the country were clandestine and unsafe that is, terminated either by persons lacking the necessary skills or in an environment lacking the minimal medical standard or both. As a result, unsafe abortion is a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity in Nigeria.
“Adequate funding is critical for addressing the current shortage of high-quality human resources for maternal health at all skill levels and increased government investment in multi-sectoral funding will help to address infrastructural deficiencies that characterise the Nigerian health system.”